Arrive Alive

How To Handle An Emergency

Coming across an accident while out on the road can be a frightening and stressful experience. Not only is it a dangerous environment to disembark from your vehicle but the sight of injured, bleeding people or children can induce panic in the toughest of people.

Paramedics at ER24 deal with such incidents on a daily basis and are specifically trained and equipped to cope with and treat patients on such scenes. But what happens if you are the first person to come across the accident? What do you do if you actually see the accident happen in front of you? Whom do you call and what do you do first while you wait for the emergency personnel to arrive?

The following segment comprises a few important principles and pieces of advice to help you to calmly, safely and carefully look after yourself, the patients and the accident scene while waiting for the emergency services.

 

 

 



    

What to do first

Pull your vehicle over

  • Park in a safe position off the road.
  • Turn on your hazard lights and headlights. (Any and all lighting that may help other motorists see that there has been an accident and slow down is necessary. Don’t put your bright lights on as this may temporarily blind oncoming motorists)
  • If the accident is on a blind rise or bend, parking your vehicle back from the accident in a ‘fend-off’ position so vehicles see the accident scene may help prevent further accidents.
  • Put out your warning triangles if you have them

    

What to do next

Phone ER24 on 084 124 , Netcare 911 or the Other Emergency Numbers below

084 124 is the national number which will connect you with ER24’s Contact Centre.
It is an emergency line where a call taker will request the following information:

  • Your telephone number (to remain in contact with you should you be cut off)
  • Your location (street name and nearest cross road)
  • The details of what has happened, how many people are injured, whether there is e fire, etc.

This will allow the dispatcher to send the correct personnel from the closest area. In addition the call takers are able to give you telephonic advice as to what to do to help the injureed on the accident scene 

Assisting the Injured

If you have a First Aid kit, take it out of your vehicle. Put on the rubber gloves that are inside the first aid kit.

Calm and reassure the people that have been involved in the accident. Make them aware you have called the emergency services and that help is on the way. This may be the only thing AND the most important thing you can do to help someone involved in an accident.

The most important principles when helping an accident victim are the following:

  • Safety – Do not attempt heroics which may potentially jeopardise your own safety. Your safety comes first, before that of the injured. You are of no use to anyone if you become injured while attempting to help others.
  • If there is any fire/ flames and you have a fire extinguisher, use it and direct the foam/ water at the base of the flames.
  • Do NOT move the patient or attempt to remove them from the vehicle UNLESS there is an immediate threat to life (e.g. the car is on fire and you are unable to extinguish it). There may be an underlying injury to the neck or spine and unnecessary movement could make this worse.
  • If the person is unconscious, open the mouth and check there is nothing inside causing obstruction.
  • Check if the person is breathing.
  • If the patient is breathing leave them in the position you find them and monitor them regularly.
  • If the patient is NOT breathing and you have been trained to do so, you may begin CPR and rescue breathing as necessary.
  • If a person is bleeding heavily from a wound, take any available material e.g. a t-shirt/ gauze from the first aid kit/ a towel/ a blanket/ etc, and place it over the open bleeding wound. Then press tightly applying direct pressure to the wound. Maintain that pressure until the emergency services arrive. Do not stop pressing to check if there is continued bleeding or to look at the wound. This procedure may save a persons life.

Being a bystander at an accident scene is invariably a stressful event. However if you remain calm, keep your head and follow the above principles, you could be instrumental in assisting, reassuring and even saving the lives of the accident victims. Ultimately we would all like to ‘Arrive Alive’

    

[Information kindly provided by ER24] 

 

 

Also View:

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Road Safety and Motorcycles : Motorcycle / Motorbike Safety

Road Safety and Motorcycles : Motorcycle / Motorbike Safety

Among all motor vehicles, motorcycles are the most vulnerable on the road. As motorcycles do not have seat belts, you can be thrown off your seat in a crash, which can result in serious injury or even death. Imagine your chance for survival if a truck strikes you, or if you strike it. Hitting a truck

Read More

Motorcycle Safety and ATGATT

Motorcycle Safety and ATGATT

What is ATGATT? A motorcycling acronym used in basic theory and practical motorcycling lessons to remind motorcyclists to wear All The Gear All The Time (ATGATT). This acronym is a commitment by bikers to the practice of wearing personal protective clothing at all times. Motorcyclists wearing

Read More

Motorbike Safety through the Eyes of the Instructor

Motorbike Safety through the Eyes of the Instructor

Introduction On the Arrive Alive website, we find several pages with advice and safety recommendations for our bikers and motorcyclists and us advise them to remain focused on enhancing their skills on the road. We thought that the best way to create additional awareness is to have a discussion with

Read More

Mapping, Geospatial Layering and Road Safety

Mapping, Geospatial Layering and Road Safety

On the Arrive Alive website, we find information on the importance of Digital Mapping for Road Safety. Accurate and effective mapping is an important part of road construction and engineering. It also increases our ability to better address weaknesses and identify so-called “hot spots” in

Read More

Safety With Gas

Safety With Gas

Instruction With the term “load shedding” becoming a reality for many South Africans there has been an increased focus on gas as a fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment etc. The term “LPG” is Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred

Read More

Rights and Obligations when stopped by a Traffic Officer

Rights and Obligations when stopped by a Traffic Officer

Motorists Rights & Responsibilities in Roadblocks plus the status of AARTO and the points-demerit system Following repeated requests for clarification arising from the receipt of emails with or without attachments containing various pieces of extremely alarmist and factually inaccurate information,

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All