Arrive Alive

Facts About Drowsy Driving Internationally

Facts About Drowsy Driving Internationally

According to the National Sleep Foundation’s 2005 Sleep in America poll, 60% of adult drivers – about 168 million people – say they have driven a vehicle while feeling drowsy in the past year, and more than one-third, (37% or 103 million people), have actually fallen asleep at the wheel! 

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration conservatively estimates that 100,000 police-reported crashes are the direct result of driver fatigue each year.

This results in an estimated 1,550 deaths, 71,000 injuries, and $12.5 billion in monetary losses. 

According to data from Australia, England, Finland, and other European nations, all of whom have more consistent crash reporting procedures than the U.S., drowsy driving represents 10 to 30 percent of all crashes.

The prevalence of sleep-related crashes varies from country to country. Driver sleepiness has been found the cause of between 1.5% (in the United States) to over 30% (on UK motorways) of crashes, and as much as 40% of fatal crashes on the New York State highway (Rayner, Flatley and Horne, 1998; Flatley and Rayner, 1995

Resarch in Australia:

Around 20% of fatal road accidents involve driver fatigue. According to VicRoads Road Accident Facts Victoria, 1998 Edition, about 30% of severe single vehicle crashes in rural areas involve the driver being fatigued.

A study conducted by the Adelaide Centre for Sleep Research concluded:


•    a person who has been awake for 17 hours faces the same risk of a crash as a person who has a BAC reading of 0.05 g/100ml. They are therefore twice as likely to have an accident as a person with a zero blood alcohol content who is not fatigued.
•    Drivers who have been awake for 24 hours will have a driving performance similar to a person who has a BAC of 0.1 g/100ml. They are seven times more likely to have an accident.

[Via Transport Accident Commission, Victoria Australia]

NHTSA

The U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) estimates that approximately 100,000 police-reported crashes annually (about 1.5% of all crashes) involve drowsiness/fatigue as a principal causal factor. A conservative estimate of related fatalities is 1,500 annually or 4% of all traffic crash fatalities. At least 71,000 people are injured in fall-asleep crashes each year. NHTSA estimates these crashes represent $12.5 billion in monetary losses each year.

Drowsiness

Drowsiness/fatigue may play a role in crashes attributed to other causes. About one million crashes annually — one-sixth of all crashes — are thought to be produced by driver inattention/lapses. Sleep deprivation and fatigue make such lapses of attention more likely to occur.

NSF

In a 1999 NSF poll, 62% of all adults surveyed reported driving a car or other vehicle while feeling drowsy in the prior year. Twenty-seven percent reported that they had, at some time, dozed off while driving. Twenty-three percent of adults stated that they know someone who experienced a fall-asleep crash within the past year.

Postal Survey

In a 1996 postal survey of 9,000 male drivers in Britain, in which 51% responded (4,600), the drivers attributed 7% of their crashes in the previous three years to tiredness (sleepiness and/or fatigue).

National Truck Safety

At the 1995 National Truck Safety Summit driver fatigue was designated the number one priority for truck safety.

New York Police

People tend to fall asleep more on high-speed, long, boring, rural highways. New York police estimate that 30% of all fatal crashes along the New York Thruway occurred because the driver fell asleep at the wheel.

We would like to advise visitors to also view these other pages:

Driver tiredness is one of the most significant threats to safety of all road users. This is often seen as one of the "driver distractions" taking the eyes and concentration of the driver away from driving. Driver tiredness often leads to head-on collisions and rollover crashes.

On the Arrive Alive website this is discussed on several pages with reference to Driver tiredness, Driver Fatigue and Drowsiness.

Driver Fatigue and Road Safety

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Driver-Fatigue

Driver Tiredness

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Driver-Tiredness

Fatigue and Road Safety [Fleetwatch info for fleet operators]

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Fatigue

European Report on Fatigue

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/documents/fatigue_Report.pdf

Driver Fatigue -Who is most ar Risk?

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Driver-Fatigue-Who-is-most-at-Risk

Actions for the Drowsy Driver

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Actions-For-The-Drowsy-Driver

Energy Drinks, Driver Alertness and Safe Driving

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Energy-Drinks-Driver-Alertness-Tiredness-and-Safe-Driving

Endurance Sports, Driver Fatigue and Road Safety

https://www.arrivealive.co.za/Endurance-Sports-Driver-Fatigue-and-Road-Safety

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Safe Driving and Preventing Jackknife Crashes

Safe Driving and Preventing Jackknife Crashes

What are jackknife crashes and how can we adjust our driving to prevent these crashes? We approached a few industry experts on driver training and crash investigation to gain some important insights! What is a jackknife crash and how does it happen? Jackknife crashes are, unfortunately, among the

Read More

Road Safety Conferences

Road Safety Conferences

The Arrive Alive website supports those individuals and institutions who take the initiative to arrange road safety conferences in South Africa. We believe that this contributes to greater awareness of road safety and could assist in planning effective road safety strategies. 14th Annual Leadership

Read More

Preventing Fuel Card Fraud

Preventing Fuel Card Fraud

Introduction Technology has made it much easier for road users to travel and transact along their journeys. It is no longer necessary to travel with substantial amounts of cash to fill up along the route. Petrol and garage cards enable travellers to have more peace of mind that they would be able

Read More

Alco-Check and Road Safety

Alco-Check and Road Safety

Alco-Check is a social responsibility-driven company that supplies breathalysers throughout South Africa. With branches in Cape Town, Durban, Johannesburg and Pretoria, we aim to educate people and create awareness of alcohol consumption and the effects on blood alcohol content(BAC), we provide a tool

Read More

Fleet Insurance and Truck Insurance for Commercial Vehicles

Fleet Insurance and Truck Insurance for Commercial Vehicles

Introduction The Fleet Management and Logistics Industry is one of the best indicators of the heartbeat of the economy of a country. Fleet management is a term used to describe the management of any/all aspects relating to a company’s vehicle. Fleet vehicles are those vehicles over which a

Read More

Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods

Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods

South Africa is well known for a rich history in mining and the export of mineral resources. With the 10th largest road network in the world and a heavy reliance on road freight transport, it is to be expected that motorists often share the roads with the transporters of dangerous goods. Are we

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All