Arrive Alive

STI's and HIV

ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

STI'S and HIV / Road Safety and Aids

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS

Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s) are caused by germs that are passed on from one person to another during sex. These infections are very common, with over 4 million people receiving treatment for STI’s in South Africa every year.

HIV HIV/AIDS

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) destroys a person’s immune system, making it impossible for the body to fight off disease or illnesses. AIDS is the last phase of a deadly disease caused by HIV.

IT’S IMPORTANT TO KNOW YOU STATUS!

 

 

The symptoms of STI’s are easy to identify:

  • Pus or smelly fluids coming out of the penis/vagina. 
  • Blisters, sores or warts on private parts. 
  • Pain or burning when urinating. 
  • Needing to urinate more often than normal.
  • Pain during sex. 
  • Unusual swelling near the penis/vagina. 
  • Itching on or near your genitals.

How can STI’s be prevented?

  • Stick to only one sexual partner. 
  • Only have protected sex by using a condom. 
  • Don’t have sex while you are being treated for a sexually transmitted infection.

STI’s are curable if you:

  • Go to a clinic as soon as you have any signs or symptoms of an STI.
  • Finish all the pills given to you by the clinic. 
  • Use a condom during sex – otherwise you can get the STI again or pass it on to someone else.
  • Go back to the clinic when you have finished all your pills to check that the STI is gone.
  • Make sure your sexual partner is also treated, otherwise you may become re-infected!

What happens if STI’s are left untreated?

  • Both men and women can die from untreated STI’s. 
  • Men who don’t treat STI’s get painful, inflamed testicles and might not be able to produce children. 
  • Women develop serious diseases of the womb and may not be able to have children.
  • Pregnant women with STI’s may suffer a miscarriage or the baby could be stillborn. 
  • Babies born from moms with untreated STI’s often suffer from pneumonia or serious eye infections.


HIV is also a Sexually Transmitted Infection
STI’s make it easier for HIV to be transmitted to others. STI’s can damage the skin of the genital area, causing sores that act as an open door, making it easier for HIV to move from one person to another.

HIV is spread from one person to another by:

  • Having unprotected sex with an infected person.
  • Through contact with infected blood. 
  • Sharing injection needles and syringes. 
  • From an infected mother to her unborn/newborn baby. 
  • You cannot be infected with HIV by hugging or touching a person with HIV!

How can you tell if someone is HOV Positive? There are no obvious signs to warn you – you cannot tell if a person is HIV Positive just by looking at them! It takes many years for HIV infection to show, and an infected person usually starts showing systems of other diseases like TB or Pneumonia because of HIV infection.

Early symptoms of HIV Infection and AIDS

  • You are losing weight and have no appetite.
  • You may have a fever and sweat a lot, especially at night. 
  • The glands in your groin, neck and armpits are swollen.
  • You feel tired most of the time and you often have an upset stomach. 
  • You may have repeated chest infections.

As the immune system gets weaker because of the infection, other symptoms may appear:

  • Sores on the skin or in the mouth 
  • Increased outbreaks of cold sores/fever blisters 
  • Shortness of breath, dry cough 
  • Numbness or pain in hands and feet

PREVENTION IS THE ONLY CURE!

  • Say NO to sex with casual partners – it’s not worth the risk. 
  • Say NO to sex with anyone who has symptoms of STI’s. 
  • Say NO to sex without a condom – it is the ONLY way to avoid infection! 
  • If you have a new boy or girlfriend, take time before having sex to talk about HIV and other STI’s.
  • Make sure you and your partner are both infection free before having sex without a condom.
  • Be faithful to your partner.

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Dashboard Cameras and Buying a Dash Cam for your Drive

Dashboard Cameras and Buying a Dash Cam for your Drive

What are the most important aspects to consider when choosing a dashboard camera? In our opinion, the video quality is the most important. The end-user needs a clear image/recording in the unfortunate event of a car accident. Blurry images/recordings may result in the loss of critically important

Read More

Code of Conduct for Safe Cycling and Sharing Roads Safely

Code of Conduct for Safe Cycling and Sharing Roads Safely

Checklist before riding: 1. Prepare and check your equipment to be in perfect condition for the road (greased chain, correct tyre pressure, brakes, lights, gear, etc.) 2. Bring a repair kit (pump, etc.) and rely on yourself in case of an emergency. 3. Protect Yourself: Wear appropriate clothes

Read More

K53 Driver Licence Test

K53 Driver Licence Test

K53 Driver Licence Test K53 is the term for the current driver licence test. The number given to the test was based on proposals submitted in the 1980's and then the reworked versions were upgraded numerically. Test number K53 was finally accepted as the way to test aspirant drivers. This

Read More

Safety on the Road to Sports Stadiums

Safety on the Road to Sports Stadiums

Introduction South Africa is experiencing a huge inflow of visitors to sports events. The country has been recognized as an excellent host nation for sports events, and international competitions in cricket, rugby and football are attracting many of these visitors. We have experienced amazing interest

Read More

What would be the Best Photos to take at the Scene of a Road Crash?

What would be the Best Photos to take at the Scene of a Road Crash?

Much has been written about the dangers of cellular phones and the need to avoid them as typical distractions while driving. Modern-day cellular phones with built-in cameras could however also be a very important tool to gather evidence at an accident scene. The Arrive Alive website has approached well

Read More

Legal Duties after a Collision and Road Crash

Legal Duties after a Collision and Road Crash

A road crash happens fast and is a traumatic experience. It may leave you shaken, injured and unable to think clearly. For those reasons, it’s a good idea to review what to do if you’re in a road accident now. Then, if you’re ever involved in a crash, it will be easier to respond

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All