Arrive Alive

Tuberculosis

ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

TUBERCULOSIS

WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS?

TB is an infectious disease that mostly affects the lungs but can also affect several other organs of the body like the brain, kidneys and bones. When the body is weak and the immune system is low due to illness or poor nutrition, the TB germ multiplies and causes sores or holes in the lungs.


TB is a curable disease
A person can be affected with TB but may not be sick. At first, the disease may be symptom free, but once the lungs are infected it becomes highly contagious – and is easily spread to those around you.

How does TB spread?
The TB germ is carried in the air. When a TB patient coughs, sneezes or spits, these germs are breathed in by a healthy person who may then develop the disease. TB can also affect other parts of the body when the germ is carried from the lungs by the bloodstream.

TB and HIV / AIDS
TB has become a very common infection in people with HIV / AIDS, but even if a person is HIV positive and gets TB he or she can still be cured – as long as the infected person completes their 6 to 8 months treatment.

What are the symptoms of TB?

  • Persistent dry cough 
  • Tiredness, weakness of the whole body 
  • Weight loss 
  • Poor appetite 
  • Sweating at night, even when it’s cold 
  • Pains in the chest 
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Coughing up blood

If you have any or all of these symptoms, you should visit your doctor, hospital or nearest clinic immediately.

PLEASE NOTE:
Any person that has a persistent, productive cough for two weeks or more, has to be tested for TB. Testing can be done free of charge at any clinic.


Treatment
There are many injections and pills that are used to treat TB, All of which are supplied free of charge to patients by health clinics. Once diagnosed, regular treatment is an absolute must and the patient must continue with the treatment for as long as the doctor, nurse of clinic advises.

The effective treatment of TB is a long process, with new patients having to undergo at least six months of treatment. Patients contracting TB for the second time needs to be treated for at least 8 months.

Medication is often unsuccessful because TB patients, when they start to feel better, stop taking their medicine before the course is finished, and they become reinfected.

Prevention is better than cure!

  • Cover the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing. 
  • Do not spit – spitting spreads TB! 
  • TB cannot survive in a healthy body, eat nourishing foods – like milk, brown bread, eggs, meat, fish and beans. 
  • Don’t abuse alcohol or drugs. 
  • Don’t smoke as it weakens the lungs.
  • Every newborn baby should have a BCG vaccination. 
  • Keep young children and old people away from anyone you suspect may have TB.

Contact: The South African National Tuberculosis Association (SANTA) on (011) 454-0260 for more information on TB.

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Safety from Vehicle Scams and Fraudsters when Buying and Selling Vehicles

Safety from Vehicle Scams and Fraudsters when Buying and Selling Vehicles

Introduction During a tough economic environment, many purchasing decisions are based not on thoughtfulness but on desperation. This is a time when buyers and sellers of vehicles need to be extra cautious of fraudsters targeting their financial and emotional vulnerability! The internet has become

Read More

The Online Vehicle Retail Market and Safely Selling Vehicles Online

The Online Vehicle Retail Market and Safely Selling Vehicles Online

Introduction The South African vehicle market is, despite a challenging economic environment, a growing market. At 1 April 2017, there were in excess of 12 million registered vehicles in South Africa. The number of registered drivers in SA during 2016 increased by 507 002 presenting a new total of

Read More

Buying Vehicles at an Auction

Buying Vehicles at an Auction

Introduction It is essential for road safety that road users share our roads in vehicles that are roadworthy, well maintained and insured. Few vehicle owners are fortunate to buy a brand new vehicle. Most of us have to buy used cars out of hand, via a dealership or at an auction. Buying a used

Read More

Buying a Quality Used Car and Safety on the Road

Buying a Quality Used Car and Safety on the Road

Introduction In a challenging economic climate with tight budgets, few of us are privileged with the financial means to buy a new vehicle. It does not matter whether we call it is used car, a second-hand car or a pre-owned car - but there has been a continually growing market in South Africa for

Read More

Buying a Vehicle, Vehicle Finance and Road Safety

Buying a Vehicle, Vehicle Finance and Road Safety

Driver and vehicle fitness are important requirements for road users to share the roads safely. Vehicle owners should be enabled to make informed decisions on the roads daily, not only with regards to safely driving their vehicles but also on how to acquire, finance and insure those vehicles! Decisions

Read More

Safety from Fire at the Workplace /Business

Safety from Fire at the Workplace /Business

Introduction Fire at the workplace may result in death, burns, smoke inhalation and many other devastating health consequences for employees and clients/customers. It could also be detrimental for the financial survival of the business with severe damage to property and stock as well as potential

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All