Arrive Alive

Tuberculosis

ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

TUBERCULOSIS

WHAT IS TUBERCULOSIS?

TB is an infectious disease that mostly affects the lungs but can also affect several other organs of the body like the brain, kidneys and bones. When the body is weak and the immune system is low due to illness or poor nutrition, the TB germ multiplies and causes sores or holes in the lungs.


TB is a curable disease
A person can be affected with TB but may not be sick. At first, the disease may be symptom free, but once the lungs are infected it becomes highly contagious – and is easily spread to those around you.

How does TB spread?
The TB germ is carried in the air. When a TB patient coughs, sneezes or spits, these germs are breathed in by a healthy person who may then develop the disease. TB can also affect other parts of the body when the germ is carried from the lungs by the bloodstream.

TB and HIV / AIDS
TB has become a very common infection in people with HIV / AIDS, but even if a person is HIV positive and gets TB he or she can still be cured – as long as the infected person completes their 6 to 8 months treatment.

What are the symptoms of TB?

  • Persistent dry cough 
  • Tiredness, weakness of the whole body 
  • Weight loss 
  • Poor appetite 
  • Sweating at night, even when it’s cold 
  • Pains in the chest 
  • Shortness of breath 
  • Coughing up blood

If you have any or all of these symptoms, you should visit your doctor, hospital or nearest clinic immediately.

PLEASE NOTE:
Any person that has a persistent, productive cough for two weeks or more, has to be tested for TB. Testing can be done free of charge at any clinic.


Treatment
There are many injections and pills that are used to treat TB, All of which are supplied free of charge to patients by health clinics. Once diagnosed, regular treatment is an absolute must and the patient must continue with the treatment for as long as the doctor, nurse of clinic advises.

The effective treatment of TB is a long process, with new patients having to undergo at least six months of treatment. Patients contracting TB for the second time needs to be treated for at least 8 months.

Medication is often unsuccessful because TB patients, when they start to feel better, stop taking their medicine before the course is finished, and they become reinfected.

Prevention is better than cure!

  • Cover the mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing. 
  • Do not spit – spitting spreads TB! 
  • TB cannot survive in a healthy body, eat nourishing foods – like milk, brown bread, eggs, meat, fish and beans. 
  • Don’t abuse alcohol or drugs. 
  • Don’t smoke as it weakens the lungs.
  • Every newborn baby should have a BCG vaccination. 
  • Keep young children and old people away from anyone you suspect may have TB.

Contact: The South African National Tuberculosis Association (SANTA) on (011) 454-0260 for more information on TB.

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Child Restraints and Road Safety

Child Restraints and Road Safety

Introduction to Child Restraints and Road Safety Increasing motorization worldwide has brought more crashes and injuries to vehicle occupants, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. One of the most effective measures to protect occupants from injury in the event of a crash is the fitment

Read More

Car Seats for Children and Road Safety in South Africa

Car Seats for Children and Road Safety in South Africa

Introduction: New legislation in South Africa is addressing a void that has for a number of years frustrated all those so deeply concerned with the safety of our children on the roads. The void referred to was specifically with regards to child passengers [infants] younger than 3 years old. Although

Read More

Promote buckling up and save a child’s life - A Medical Perspective

Promote buckling up and save a child’s life - A Medical Perspective

Introduction Despite Legislation requiring passengers to be Buckled Up, too many South Africans still fail to ensure that all passengers are safely secured inside their vehicles. Transport authorities, with the assistance of corporates such as Imperial, have gone to great lengths to create awareness

Read More

Imperial - your "Gateway to Africa"

Imperial - your "Gateway to Africa"

Imperial launched its milestone 'Gateway to Africa' campaign in July 2021. It is Imperial's strategic intent to become a 'One Imperial' business and serve as the 'Gateway to Africa' to its clients, principals and customers. The strategic decisions and actions the Group continues

Read More

Motorcycle Safety and Riding in Winter and on Icy Roads

Motorcycle Safety and Riding in Winter and on Icy Roads

On the Arrive Alive Website, with the assistance of the Motorcycle Safety Academy, we have shared information with our bikers on some of the techniques required for driving in bad weather. There are also some rather unique seasonal challenges as we approach this bitterly cold time of the year. We

Read More

Packing The Vehicle Safely For The Road Trip

Packing The Vehicle Safely For The Road Trip

Planning the Journey What you will pack for the road trip and how you will pack depends on how far you are to drive and the reason for your travels. There is a multitude of factors affecting the roadworthiness of your vehicle. These include tyre pressure, suspension, visibility through the windscreen,

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All