Arrive Alive

Malaria and Road Safety in Africa

ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

MALARIA

MALARIA

Malaria is a tropical disease that is caused by being bitten by the dreaded malaria mosquito. Malaria is a very serious disease that kills more than one million people worldwide each year. Please exercise the preventative measures listed below in order to contain the spread of this potentially fatal disease.


FACTS ABOUT MALARIA

Who is at risk of getting malaria? Anyone who lives in or travels to a country where there are malaria infected people and mosquitoes are at risk. The map on this page indicates high-risk areas – both local and cross-border. Make sure you know what the malaria risk status is for your destination BEFORE you leave.

How soon do the symptoms of malaria appear?

The time between a mosquito bite and the start of the illness is usually about 21 days.

What are the symptoms of malaria?

Flu-like symptoms like fever, coughing and head-aches may appear. You have stomachache and diarrhea. You may have pain in your bones, muscles and joints.

How is malaria diagnosed?

You need to have a blood test to check for malaria parasites in your blood. Malaria must be treated with the correct medication, as it can result in kidney and liver failure, coma and death if left untreated.

THE SAFE USE OF MALARIA MEDICATION

Over-the-counter malaria medicine from your pharmacy is no longer effective in preventing malaria, as the malaria parasite has become immune to traditional malaria treatments – speak to your doctor for advice on which the best medication to take is.

  • Start your medication one or two weeks before travel, continue throughout the trip and keep taking it for about four weeks after your return. 
  • Follow the recommended doses exactly as prescribed. 
  • Take your pills after meals on the same day each week, and later on, at the same time each day. 
  • Do not stop taking the pills after arriving home – complete the full dosage.
  • If you have any medical conditions like epilepsy, heart problems or allergies, mention this to your doctor so that he can prescribe a safe malaria treatment suited to your condition.
  • No treatment is 100 % effective. If you have “flu-like” symptoms after you have been to a malaria risk area, consult your doctor.


HIGH RISK AREA MAP

 

The red sector on this map indicates areas where Malaria transmission occurs.

 

PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE!

  • Please consult your health care adviser about three weeks before the start of your trip for advice on the best prescription malaria medication available.
  • Remain indoors between dusk and dawn – malaria mosquitoes only bite at night!
  • Spray inside areas with insect spray after you have closed up all windows and doors for the night. 
  • Drivers beware – spray insect spray inside the cab and let it stand for about 5-10 minutes with all windows and doors closed. 
  • Do not sit inside the cab while spraying – the poison is for the mozzies – not you!
  • Use an insect repellent that contains DEET on exposed skin, especially at night. 
  • Wear long-sleeved, light coloured clothing, trousers and socks when outdoors sleep under a mosquito-proof bed net that has been treated with insect repellent. 
  • If you have traveled into a malaria risk area and you experience any flu-like symptoms – consult your doctor immediately! 
  • Choose your overnight stops with care – risk will be lowest in buildings with doors and windows fitted with insect screens. 
  • Air conditioners and fans are also effective in keeping mosquitoes at bay.

 

 

 

 

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Safe driving in the mountains / mountain passes

Safe driving in the mountains / mountain passes

Introduction With a rather extensive road network across South Africa drivers are bound to traverse across mountains and mountain passes at some time. Even though this may be an exhilarating experience, we often find drivers behind the wheel without the necessary experience and awareness of the unique

Read More

Safe Driving and Towing a Trailer Safely

Safe Driving and Towing a Trailer Safely

Introduction to trailers and safer driving in South Africa In many recent crash reports, a trailer is found somewhere on or near the crash scene. Surveys confirm that many trailer owners are not fully aware of the safest method of towing cargo. We need to recognize that safety information is important

Read More

MasterDrive and Road Safety

MasterDrive and Road Safety

MasterDrive is a result-driven, driver training organisation that engages with and assists companies in managing driver risk interventions. The company was established in 1999 and became part of the RAC Group (established in 1997). By 2008 MasterDrive expanded its field of operation to cover the African

Read More

Safety from Fire at our Homes

Safety from Fire at our Homes

Emergency personnel have to respond to fires at homes and informal settlements across South Africa. In the bitterly cold winter weather, the risk of injury from fire significantly increases. We received safety information from both ER24 and the KZN Emergency services on how to protect ourselves from

Read More

Safety, Prevention and Treatment from Burns

Safety, Prevention and Treatment from Burns

Burns in South Africa: Who is at risk? There is a high incidence of burn injuries in South Africa. The root causes of this need to be addressed, but simply being aware of the risks is enough to increase vigilance and prevention. Burns are extremely painful, often life-threatening injuries that

Read More

Burns and Treatment of Burns - Frequently asked Questions

Burns and Treatment of Burns - Frequently asked Questions

On the Arrive Alive website, we share important information on safety from a fire at our homes as well as the Safety from Burns and Burn Wounds. There are, however, always some questions the public will rise to gain more information on the treatment of a variety of burns. These questions may be

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All