Malaria and Road Safety in Africa
ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH
Malaria is a tropical disease that is caused by being bitten by the dreaded malaria mosquito. Malaria is a very serious disease that kills more than one million people worldwide each year. Please exercise the preventative measures listed below in order to contain the spread of this potentially fatal disease.
FACTS ABOUT MALARIA
Who is at risk of getting malaria? Anyone who lives in or travels to a country where there are malaria infected people and mosquitoes are at risk. The map on this page indicates high-risk areas – both local and cross-border. Make sure you know what the malaria risk status is for your destination BEFORE you leave.
How soon do the symptoms of malaria appear?
The time between a mosquito bite and the start of the illness is usually about 21 days.
What are the symptoms of malaria?
Flu-like symptoms like fever, coughing and head-aches may appear. You have stomachache and diarrhea. You may have pain in your bones, muscles and joints.
How is malaria diagnosed?
You need to have a blood test to check for malaria parasites in your blood. Malaria must be treated with the correct medication, as it can result in kidney and liver failure, coma and death if left untreated.
THE SAFE USE OF MALARIA MEDICATION
Over-the-counter malaria medicine from your pharmacy is no longer effective in preventing malaria, as the malaria parasite has become immune to traditional malaria treatments – speak to your doctor for advice on which the best medication to take is.
The red sector on this map indicates areas where Malaria transmission occurs.
PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE!