Arrive Alive

Malaria and Road Safety in Africa

ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

MALARIA

MALARIA

Malaria is a tropical disease that is caused by being bitten by the dreaded malaria mosquito. Malaria is a very serious disease that kills more than one million people worldwide each year. Please exercise the preventative measures listed below in order to contain the spread of this potentially fatal disease.


FACTS ABOUT MALARIA

Who is at risk of getting malaria? Anyone who lives in or travels to a country where there are malaria infected people and mosquitoes are at risk. The map on this page indicates high-risk areas – both local and cross-border. Make sure you know what the malaria risk status is for your destination BEFORE you leave.

How soon do the symptoms of malaria appear?

The time between a mosquito bite and the start of the illness is usually about 21 days.

What are the symptoms of malaria?

Flu-like symptoms like fever, coughing and head-aches may appear. You have stomachache and diarrhea. You may have pain in your bones, muscles and joints.

How is malaria diagnosed?

You need to have a blood test to check for malaria parasites in your blood. Malaria must be treated with the correct medication, as it can result in kidney and liver failure, coma and death if left untreated.

THE SAFE USE OF MALARIA MEDICATION

Over-the-counter malaria medicine from your pharmacy is no longer effective in preventing malaria, as the malaria parasite has become immune to traditional malaria treatments – speak to your doctor for advice on which the best medication to take is.

  • Start your medication one or two weeks before travel, continue throughout the trip and keep taking it for about four weeks after your return. 
  • Follow the recommended doses exactly as prescribed. 
  • Take your pills after meals on the same day each week, and later on, at the same time each day. 
  • Do not stop taking the pills after arriving home – complete the full dosage.
  • If you have any medical conditions like epilepsy, heart problems or allergies, mention this to your doctor so that he can prescribe a safe malaria treatment suited to your condition.
  • No treatment is 100 % effective. If you have “flu-like” symptoms after you have been to a malaria risk area, consult your doctor.


HIGH RISK AREA MAP

 

The red sector on this map indicates areas where Malaria transmission occurs.

 

PREVENTION IS BETTER THAN CURE!

  • Please consult your health care adviser about three weeks before the start of your trip for advice on the best prescription malaria medication available.
  • Remain indoors between dusk and dawn – malaria mosquitoes only bite at night!
  • Spray inside areas with insect spray after you have closed up all windows and doors for the night. 
  • Drivers beware – spray insect spray inside the cab and let it stand for about 5-10 minutes with all windows and doors closed. 
  • Do not sit inside the cab while spraying – the poison is for the mozzies – not you!
  • Use an insect repellent that contains DEET on exposed skin, especially at night. 
  • Wear long-sleeved, light coloured clothing, trousers and socks when outdoors sleep under a mosquito-proof bed net that has been treated with insect repellent. 
  • If you have traveled into a malaria risk area and you experience any flu-like symptoms – consult your doctor immediately! 
  • Choose your overnight stops with care – risk will be lowest in buildings with doors and windows fitted with insect screens. 
  • Air conditioners and fans are also effective in keeping mosquitoes at bay.

 

 

 

 

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Safe Driving with Trucks in the Mountains

Safe Driving with Trucks in the Mountains

Introduction Recently, due to fires in the Outeniqua mountains, drivers had to take a detour from Oudtshoorn to George via the Robinson pass towards Mossel Bay. The Robinson pass is much more of a challenge for truck drivers as there are no “extra lanes” and the corners tend to be much

Read More

Safe driving in the mountains / mountain passes

Safe driving in the mountains / mountain passes

#contentcontainer a { display: inline-block; margin: 5px; } Introduction With a rather extensive road network across South Africa drivers are bound to traverse across mountains and mountain passes at some time. Even though this may be an exhilarating experience, we often find drivers behind the

Read More

Dashboard Camera Recorders and Road Safety

Dashboard Camera Recorders and Road Safety

Technology is making a significant contribution toward safer roads. Not only are developments in technology maker vehicles safer, but also increases our ability to measure and evaluate driving behaviour. On the Arrive Alive website, we have information on vehicle telematics and how it is best used in

Read More

Trail Running and Safety

Trail Running and Safety

Introduction Not every runner remains satisfied with the usual run on the treadmill or on the road. Many have discovered the beauty of a change in scenery and the challenges of variation in physical terrain, elevation and other conditions. This not only stimulates the mind but also forces the body

Read More

Physical Fitness for Safe Driving / Road Safety

Physical Fitness for Safe Driving / Road Safety

Introduction Much of being a safe driver is being fit to drive in the first place and knowing when this is the case. When we discuss driver fitness we tend to refer to sobriety, fatigue, eyesight etc - all those conditions that might impact on the ability to see, think, and move well enough to

Read More

Running / Jogging and Road Safety

Running / Jogging and Road Safety

Background Information Road Safety is a concern not only for motorists but also for other road users such as pedestrians, cyclists and runners. Running injuries are quite common but can be reduced through proper conditioning and training programs; wearing the appropriate apparel and footwear and

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All