Arrive Alive

Advanced Driving, Defensive Driving and Road Safety

Definition and Background

Advanced Driving has been described as: “The ability to control the position and speed of the vehicle safely, systematically and smoothly, using road and traffic conditions to make reasonable progress unobtrusively, with skill and responsibility. The skill requires a positive but courteous attitude and a high standard of driving competence based on concentration, effective all round observation, anticipation and planning. This must be coordinated with good handling skills. The vehicle should always be at the right place on the road at the right time, travelling at the right speed with the correct gear engaged and can always be stopped safely in the distance that can be seen to be clear.”

Driver instructors across the globe aim to raise driving standards by increasing the competence of drivers. Even though most drivers think they are both safer and more skilful than the average driver, in 95% of accidents human error, mainly unsafe driving practices, is the major cause. Advanced Driving Courses and Tests were designed to contribute to road safety and reduce the likelihood of an accident. By working on the skills of drivers, these drivers re-evaluate their ability to spot hazards early and this leads to safer driving. Advanced drivers are also less prone to the frustrations that lead to road rage.

Many drivers have a false sense of comfort after many years’ experience at the wheel. Research has indicated that drivers might even get measurably worse over time and advanced driver training might add to more road safety awareness. This awareness is not restricted to just other road users, road conditions, and infrastructure, but the “joining up” of these elements into an overall understanding of their meaning in terms of potential hazards and the appropriate driver response.

Advantages of Advanced Driving Training for Road Safety

The most important advantages of Advanced Driver Training are:

  • It makes motorists better, safer and more competent drivers
  • Drivers will be more confident as their driving will be safer and more systematic.
  • Reduced motoring costs with less wear and tear on your vehicle
  • Usage of the brakes, clutch, gears will be smooth and in sync with the car, and the road
  • Possible lowering of insurance premiums 
  • Reduced levels of driving stress 
  • Improved fuel consumption

Advanced Driving skills, techniques and requirements

Driving Organizations and Training Facilities might differ in the way that they approach advanced driver training. Some might decide to facilitate training across different roads, from quiet roads to busy town and city centres – whereas others might limit the focus on training in a more controlled environment.

What can the driver expect?

  • There may be situations where the candidate can show flair and panache on an open country road where progress can be gained at maximum safety, using optimum road positioning and excellent observation
  • In other situations, the candidate will need to show restraint and composure to deal with tricky hazards that may become apparent throughout the drive. Such as in a town centre situation, where observation is used to pick out hazards in situations that are constantly changing. 
  • The main objective is that the candidate has to perform well in all situations rather than excel in one.

What might the Instructor expect the outcome to be?

  • Safety - Even where optimum progress may be desirable, position and speed must always be put aside and sacrificed for safety. 
  • Systematic driving – Driving by using skills to deal with any environment or situation, in enough time to decide on the best position, speed and gear of the vehicle to negotiate hazards safely. 
  • Smoothness - The vehicle should be stable with little bounce or roll on the road and any passengers should be comfortable in the vehicle and have the utmost confidence in the driver's ability. Nothing the driver does should look or feel rushed or hurried, resulting in an economical use of fuel as well. 
  • Progress – This is understood to be the ability to make good progress when safe to do so and is an important skill that an advanced driver should possess. 
  • Restraint - The ability to recognize when to hold back from particular hazards to ensure the safety and reassurance of passengers and other road users, or to avoid causing others concern, even if this concern may be unjustified.

Police Drivers in the UK involved in traffic enforcement have to undergo advanced driver training. The techniques these police drivers must complete to pass their test include:

  • Starting and Stopping Drills 
  • Introduction to Commentary 
  • The system of Car Control 
  • Gear Changing Technique 
  • Steering Technique 
  • Manoeuvrability Training 
  • Skid Correction Training 
  • Positioning 
  • Principles of Safe Cornering 
  • Cornering Position Advantages 
  • Assessment of Corners 
  • Half Distance Acceleration 
  • Acceleration Sense 
  • Braking Sense 
  • Overtaking Technique 
  • Manoeuvrability and Skid Correction Tests

Conclusion

The Arrive Alive Road Safety Website would like to urge all drivers to consider advanced driver training to improve their safety on the road. There are many benefits to such training and these benefits will add up to a much more enjoyable drive. Not boring, or slow, but quite often more swift, progressive and certainly more exhilarating than your average everyday driver!

Also View:

Defensive Driving and Making Roads Safer

Bad Driving Habits and Unsafe Driving

Driver Instructor Advice for Safety on the Road

Driver Instructor Insight

Toyota Advanced 4x4 Training Programme

Toyota Defensive Driving Training Programme

Contact details for Toyota Advanced Driving

Salve' Jacobs
Toyota Advanced Driving
Tel: (011) 467 4040
Fax: (011) 467 4042

E-mail: info@tad-sa.co.za

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

Treatment of and Response to Cuts and Bruises

Treatment of and Response to Cuts and Bruises

The skin is the largest organ of the human body, about 2m square in surface area and has several functions. It is also a barrier which provides protection from infection and heat loss. We need to remember that most cuts are minor and require little attention. The size of cuts, the number of cuts (also

Read More

Compliance in the Road Freight Transport Industry in South Africa

Compliance in the Road Freight Transport Industry in South Africa

The South African freight transportation landscape fundamentally differs from that of the rest of the globe. In most other countries the fleet sizes comprise mostly of the owner of the transport business, who is also an “owner-driver” on one of his vehicles and maybe another couple of vehicles,

Read More

Using Tourniquets to Stop Severe Bleeding

Using Tourniquets to Stop Severe Bleeding

With more and more South Africans are being exposed to trauma on a daily basis, as bystanders or witnesses, we are often the first people on the scene, especially Motor Vehicle Collisions (MVC). The quick initial point of wound care and treatment of potentially life-threatening injuries by bystanders

Read More

Running / Jogging and Road Safety

Running / Jogging and Road Safety

Background Information Road Safety is a concern not only for motorists but also for other road users such as pedestrians, cyclists and runners. Running injuries are quite common but can be reduced through proper conditioning and training programs; wearing the appropriate apparel and footwear and

Read More

Cycling Safety

Cycling Safety

Cycling safety has become a major concern on the South Africa roads as there has been a significant increase in the number of fatal road crashes and accidents involving cyclists. The Road Traffic Management Corporation has disclosed that the road deaths among our cyclists climbed from 320 in 2015

Read More

Trucking Wellness & HIV Treatment

Trucking Wellness & HIV Treatment

Introduction Trucking Wellness (TW) is an initiative of the National Bargaining Council for the Road Freight and Logistics Industry (NBCRFLI), which was launched in 1999. The aim of Trucking Wellness is to provide primary healthcare to those employed within the Road Freight and Logistics (RFL) Industry,

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All