Arrive Alive

Cholera

ROAD SAFETY AND HEALTH :: LEARN ABOUT YOUR HEALTH

CHOLERA

WHAT IS CHOLERA?

When a germ, found in contaminated ‘untreated water’ enters a person’s
 body it results in a sickness known as Cholera.

HOW DOES THE CHOLERA GERM SPREAD?

  • The most common spread of is through drinking contaminated water.
  • This is followed by use of untreated water for household purposes e.g. to wash and cook food.
  • By infecting anything touched if hands are not washed after every toilet visit.
  • Contact with an infected person’s stools and/or contaminated clothing and bedding.
  • Further contamination of water by washing contaminated items or throwing infected water back into main source e.g. river.

WHAT ARE THE SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF CHOLERA?

  • Constant runny stomach, mostly painless but very watery.
  • Muscle cramps, especially in the legs and arms.
  • The skin feels cold and looks wrinkled
  • The body loses water, natural salts and sugars because of diarrhoea and vomiting.  If these elements are not replaced, a person will dehydrate very quickly.
  • Dehydration is very dangerous and could lead to coma and death within a few hours!

HOW CAN CHOLERA BE AVOIDED?

  • Always drink only “treated water’ i.e. boiled or disinfected.
  • Only eat food that is well cooked and eat it while it is still warm.   

 

 

  • Only use ‘treated water’ to wash and cook fruit and vegetables before eating and where possible, avoid raw or unpeeled fruit and vegetables.    

 

 

 

  • Do not wash in streams, rivers or dams – rather use facilities provided at Truck Stops.
  • Wash your hands before and after working with food.
  • Always wash your hands after using the toilet.

 

 

HOW TO MAKE SURE THAT DRINKING WATER IS SAFE:

Boil water for at least ten minutes and leave to cool before drinking
OR
Add 1 teaspoon of Jik or Javell to 25 litres of water.

 


HOW TO HELP SOMEONE WITH CHOLERA:

Mix one litre of clean, boiled water with 8 level teaspoons of sugar and ½ level teaspoon of salt.

 

Start to give them as much of this mixture as possible, at least two cups after each stool and seek professional medical attention immediately.

Loading...

Search Road Safety Articles

Latest Pages

E-Hailing Taxi Services and Road Safety

E-Hailing Taxi Services and Road Safety

Introduction Technology and smartphone apps have changed the way most of us gain access to taxi services. The E-Hailing taxi services industry has become a major role player in public transport. Even though it is very convenient, mostly well-regulated and safe, the E-Hailing taxi industry has also

Read More

Safe Driving and Safety on our Roads During Summer

Safe Driving and Safety on our Roads During Summer

Summertime in the Southern Hemisphere coincides with the festive season and end-of-year travels. It is well-known for long drives to our beautiful beaches as well as inland journeys to various nature reserves and game farms. It is a season we wish to celebrate with family and friends but also sadly a

Read More

SpeedFOX and Road Safety

SpeedFOX and Road Safety

Intelligent Speed Assist (ISA) technology that is so evolved it provides predictable, real-time, location-aware speed control that saves your business time and money. Speed Control at The Pedal SpeedFOX intelligently assists drivers to comply with speed regulations in varying road conditions through

Read More

Safely Securing Loads during Transport

Safely Securing Loads during Transport

Large quantities of freight are transported on our roads daily. To share roads safely and responsibly with other road users there is an onus on the operator to ensure that these loads are safely secured during transport. But what are the Rules of the Road on Securing loads during transport, what do

Read More

Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods

Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods

South Africa is well known for a rich history in mining and the export of mineral resources. With the 10th largest road network in the world and a heavy reliance on road freight transport, it is to be expected that motorists often share the roads with the transporters of dangerous goods. Are we

Read More

Road Safety Conferences

Road Safety Conferences

The Arrive Alive website supports those individuals and institutions who take the initiative to arrange road safety conferences in South Africa. We believe that this contributes to greater awareness of road safety and could assist in planning effective road safety strategies. The website www.arrivealive.co.za

Read More

Load More Pages

Partners

View All